"Suicide by Cop" (SBC) is a suicide method in which a person engages in an act creating actual or apparent danger to others in an attempt to get themselves killed or injured by law enforcement. A new study in the Journal of Forensic Sciences examined the prevalence of this phenomenon among a large sample of officer-involved shootings.
The study was led by noted police and forensic psychologist Kris Mohandie, Ph.D., who has over 19 years of experience in the assessment and management of violent behavior. Dr. Mohandie responded on-scene to the O.J. Simpson barricade and assisted the L.A. County District Attorney's prosecution of the stalker of Steven Spielberg. He has appeared in numerous news programs, including CNN and MSNBC, as well as on the Discovery Channel, A & E, and the History Channel addressing issues pertaining to violent behavior.
Results show that SBC occurs at extremely high rates, with 36 percent of all shootings being categorized as SBC. The findings confirm the growing incidence of this method of suicide, with SBC cases more likely to result in the death or injury of the subjects 50 percent of the time.
Using their largest empirical sample of police shootings to examine the issue of SBC, researchers examined 707 cases of North American officer-involved shootings from 1998 to 2006. Materials reviewed included police reports, witness statements, criminal histories on subjects, photographs, videotapes, and external review reports.
SBC was found to account for a much larger portion of officer-involved shootings than had been previously believed.
36 percent of all shootings in the sample could be categorized as SBC, underscoring the significance of suicidal impulses among those who become involved in shootings and other uses of force with police officers.
The study also verifies that suicidal individuals can, in fact, threaten, injure, and kill others in their quest to commit suicide. These individuals are quite lethal to themselves as well, with a 97 percent likelihood of being injured or killed in such encounters. There was a one in three chance of others being harmed during the incident.
"It is clear from our research that SBC is a common occurrence among officer involved shootings and must be considered as an issue during post-event investigations," the authors concluded.
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